The EDB conducted a Forum on Entrepót Trade with the participation of a large number of traders/exporters and others engaged in the Entrepót trade. Sri Lanka Logistics & Freight Forwarders’ Association (SLFFA), Sri Lanka Shippers’ Council (SLSC), Shippers Academy Colombo and several public sector institutions relevant to the trade including Sri Lanka Customs, Ports Authority and BOI collaborated with EDB in organizing the Entrepót Traders’ Forum held at EDB Auditorium on 13th July 2017.
This forum provided a platform for the traders/exporters engaged and interested in Entrepót Trade to understand current Entrepot Trade Procedures in Sri Lanka and to discuss the issues that need to be addressed to develop the trade.
Entrepot trade or the re-export trade involves importing goods from one country and re-exporting to another, with or without any additional processing or repackaging. Goods are exempt from duties at the point of import and re-exports.
Commercial Hub Regulations were introduced initially in Part IV of the Finance Act No 12 of 2012 of Sri Lanka was amended by Finance Act No 12 of 2013, cited as the “Finance Act – Commercial Hub Regulations” in the Gazette Notification No. 1818/30 of 11th July 2013. The introduction of these regulations created a distinction between the entrepot traders as follows.
Commercial Hub Regulations demarcated six areas in close proximity or within the ports and air ports as Free Ports or Bonded Areas (areas which are geographically inside Sri Lanka but are legally considered outside its customs territory and supervised by the Board of Investment of Sri Lanka or the Director General Customs or any other authority under the Commercial Hub Regulations) to facilitate trade. These are the Colombo Port, Hambantota Port, Mattala Airport, Katunayake EPZ, Koggala EPZ and Mirrijjawala EPZ. Though not under the Commercial Hub Regulations, the Colombo Airport Cargo Terminal is also a customs supervised bonded area.
Mr Thilak Arumapperuma Arachchi, Superintendent of Customs.Mr.Rohan Masakorala, CEO, Shippers’ Academy Colombo, Mr. Dushmantha Karannagoda, Past Chairman, Sri Lanka Logistics & Freight Forwarders’ Association (SLFFA), Mr.Mahinda Ramanayake, Acting Executive Director, BOI, Mr.Chrisso De Mel, Chairman, Sri Lanka Shippers’ Council, Ms. Jeevani Siriwardena, Director General of the Export Development Board among others who graced this occasion.
Mr Thilak Arumapperuma Arachchi, Superintendent of Customs, confirmed that Import of goods and re-export to a third country with value addition no fiscal levies. He continued by informing what are the challenges faced by Entrepot Trade.
Mr.Mahinda Ramanayake, Acting Executive Director, BOI speaking at the Forum said that the Government has announced to setup Free Ports and Bonded Areas to create trade related infrastructure to facilitate import and export of goods and services with freedom to carry out transactions in convertible foreign currency.
Mr. Dushmantha Karannagoda, Past Chairman, Sri Lanka Logistics & Freight Forwarders’ Association (SLFFA) pointed out several facts. Customs documentation process, Locations for Entrepót handling, Entrepót Trade Activities, Registration process to handle Entrepót activity, Prohibited Items under Entrepót Trade and Exchange Control provisions governing Entrepót Trade, etc. Further, he stated that the bottlenecks and red tapes need to be ironed out before we start promoting Entrepót activity. Bad experiences could divert the traffic and winning them back would be an uphill task.
According to Mr.Rohan Masakorala, CEO, Shippers’ Academy Colombo, Sri Lanka’s location in the international maritime map has put it at a better advantage to be a major player in this field than it is for the leaders in Entrepot Trade such as Dubai and Singapore.
Ms. Jeevani Siriwardena, Director General of the Export Development Board, said that the EDB has identified the necessity of the Entrepot Trade and successfully conducted four roundtable meetings with the Entrepót stakeholders to identify ways to develop the trade. Further she said that in it, the current Entrepót rules and regulations have been reviewed to make it conducive to Entrepót trade.
There was a session where participants put forward issues that they are currently facing when carrying out Entrepót exports. The 1st Entrepót trade Forum was a great opportunity for Entrepot traders/exporters entering the global market. In his concluding remarks, Director Export Services of EDB said that the EDB will continue these discussions with the industry to identify and solve the issues confronted by them and to obtain their views on developing the trade.
Globally, the top three entrepots, (excluding the USA), consisting of Hong Kong, Singapore and Dubai have contributed 161%, 83 % and 26% from re-exports to their GDP respectively in 2015. Hong Kong, the world’s largest re-exporter, serves as the conduit to the Chinese mainland, facilitating much of the mainland’s trade, taking advantage of its location and an investor friendly tax regime for entrepot trade. Its main market segment is mainland China. Singapore serves as an entrepot mainly for goods destined to regional markets such as Hong Kong, China, Malaysia, Indonesia, Korea, Taiwan and Japan apart from the USA and the EU. Dubai, emerging from a barren desert, is positioned as the gateway to the Middle East and also re-exports goods to many other countries including China, India Saudi Arabia, Germany and the US. These three entrepots combined commanded 75% of the global market in 2014 as per ITC statistics, with Hong Kong dominating the landscape with 44% of the global market share. Singapore, the second largest re-exporter lagged behind Hong Kong with 21% and UAE with 10% of market share respectively. Commodities popularly re-exported are machinery and equipment from Hong Kong & Singapore and pearls, precious stones and metals from Dubai.
These global giants are high income countries and characterized by political stability, high investments in superior infrastructure and warehousing facilities, high labour and utility costs, low taxes and duties, streamed lined procedures and focused policies to take advantage of their location in the geographical map. The ports and airports of the countries are amongst the busiest in the world. Logistics are mostly outsourced to private operators leading to operational efficiencies.
In 2016 Sri Lanka re-exported to 32 countries around the world. UAE (24%), India (23%), China (11%) and Singapore (11%) accounted for the majority share of 69% of the total FOB Value. Similarly, 63% of the CIF value of imports classified under entrepot were from 4 nations, namely China (25%), Canada (17%), UAE (11%) and the Netherlands (10%). Interestingly Sri Lanka’s entrepot trading partners seem to be the giant nations in the world via the top entrepots. In terms of products, 15 items accounted for over 80% of the import and export value in 2016 out of over 230 items traded. These mainly consisted of Lentils, Lead Acid batteries, Confectionary, Liquor, Cigarettes and Baby Products. Approximately 75% of the cargo arrive into the country as ocean freight whilst only 65% of the outgoing cargo is re-exported as ocean freight. This indicates that a portion (approximately 10%) of the processed or consolidated cargo are sent out on air freight possibly to fulfil urgent requirements.
Sri Lanka possesses many, if not more comparative and competitive advantages relative to the global players, for development of this trade. The current political and economic milieu and positive investor sentiment have prompted the government to introduce many measures to develop the entrepot trade. In this process, to harness fully the potential of the geographical positioning of the island in the East-West maritime route, the Government initiated several steps to promote Sri Lanka as a Commercial Hub.