As an important industrial sub-industry, the light engineering industry of Sri Lanka provides a range of services to various sectors. It is also a very competitive industry since it enjoys a consistent and strong demand.
Unlike heavy engineering, light engineering does not involve any direct use of raw material. For example, steel production is a heavy industry while the production of steel frames is the work of light engineering. The use of existing pre-fabricated products draws the line between light engineering and heavy engineering.
The production concept of the light engineering industry is consumer-oriented. There is less capital incentive when compared to heavy engineering and the industry is mainly governed by SMEs. The demand for the light engineering industry is on the rise locally and globally, since new products and specialities are introduced regularly to the consumer market.
The Sri Lankan light engineering sector has expertise mostly in the areas of electronics, electrical and mechanical engineering. Sri Lankan manufacturers and suppliers of light engineering products provide research and development and manufacturing services to many leading global brands and companies and have received positive feedback and high demand that have motivated the local talent pool for years to come.
The Sri Lankan light engineering industry is powered by more than 1000 manufacturing units that include 11 steel plants operated by small and medium-sized manufacturers and organisations.
Some of these SMEs are export-oriented ventures that are located in various parts of the country. The sector is also backed up by a strong foundry industry, which functions as a feeder industry to the light engineering product sector. The influence following Sri Lankan foundries dates back far back to the second century BC.
Most of the foundries found in Sri Lanka are involved in aluminium and brass reclaiming and cast iron and bronze extraction facilities.
Most of these foundries are present in the Kandy, Colombo, Gampaha, Kurunegala, Matara, and Hambantota districts. With the help of these sources, large scale iron producers in Sri Lanka manufacture a wide range of products that include rubbing blocks, brake shoes, rollers, bearing blocks, and various machinery parts
Sri Lanka has always been blessed with natural resources. As a result, most of these foundries have been established in areas where special types of soils, sands, and clays can be found in abundance. Most of these foundries that produce light engineering products to the international markets are present in the Colombo and Gampaha districts, especially within the industrial zones.
Sri Lankan light engineering products are made to order and are sourced from leading brands and retailers around the world.
Sri Lankan manufacturers produce a range of domestic fans for local and export markets that suits the latest technological, environmental and consumer requirements. Sri Lanka’s household fans manufacturing sector includes the production of household electric fans including ceiling fans, table fans, pedestal fans, exhaust fans and wall fans.
Sri Lankan household fan manufacturers produce energy-efficient products to reduce carbon footprint and enable energy savings for the consumers. The rise of energy-efficient appliances can be attributed to stringent government regulations on electric home appliances and advances in technology. Energy-efficient fans are designed to utilize minimum energy and align with the standards for energy-efficient appliances found across over 80 countries worldwide.
The Sri Lankan light engineering sector also comprises successful air conditioner manufacturers who make world-class products. These air conditioners later set sail to meet buyers in export markets. The global air conditioning (AC) industry is expected to witness huge growth due to the soaring temperature and humidity levels across the world, along with the rising acceptance of air conditioners as a utility product rather than a luxury product.
Sri Lankan air conditioner manufacturers have adopted emerging technological advancements for the air conditioner sector, such as air conditioners with inverter and air purification technologies to serve the changing consumer and technological trends around the world.
Some sewing machines are used to create embroidery-type stitches while some machines have a working feeder that moves along a curved path while others work in a clamp. The type of sewing machine chosen by buyers varies on how it collaborates with a cloth when gripping, supporting, and conveying the fabric past the sewing needle. Most domestic-sewing machines as well as most industrial machines have a two-thread stitch called the lockstitch while other common types of sewing machines are chain-stitch machines and sergers.
Weighing scales are manufactured in the Sri Lankan light engineering sector for agricultural and industrial use. Most of these scales are used to weigh out various items both large and small. Weighing scales measure the force that exists between the object and the earth. Weight is measured by force. The front of a normal weighing scale has a moving platform. When the platform moves downwards, the pointer rotates. A thick, powerful spring stretches when the platform moves down.
When more weight is put on the scale, the spring will stretch twice as much, while the pointer turns around the dial twice as much. Digital scales follow a different mechanism. It uses a component called the strain gauge load cell. These scales convert the force of weight into electrical signals. It also uses an item called the load cell sensor, which is an electronic device that is used to convert a force into an electronic signal. Sri Lankan manufacturers also custom design weighing solutions for industries including weighing platforms and bridges.
Not as small as the previously discussed light engineering products, cell towers are relatively very tall. These towers are also known as cell sites. A cell tower is a communications equipment that allows the surrounding area to use wireless communication devices such as mobiles. They are places to expand the network coverage or capacity of an area. It provides better reception for signals.
How do they work? Whenever a cell phone is used, these towers release an electromagnetic radio wave called a radio frequency. This frequency is received by the nearest cell tower’s antenna. The speed of the network can be improved by the parts of a cell power. Each cell tower is considered a carrier. There are four different types of cell towers. The first one is called a lattice tower. contains three or four sides with similar based faces. It is a self-supported tower that offers high flexibility.
The second type is the Monopole tower. It is a single steel or concrete tube tower. Its usual height is below 50 meters. The antennas are attached to its exterior. The guyed tower is the third cell tower type. It requires a bigger amount of land. Most radio and television towers are guyed towers. The stealth tower, which is the fourth type, is more expensive than the others. These towers require additional materials to help them hide in plain sight.
Trailers made by Sri Lankan manufacturers play a huge role in global logistics. Also known as container chassis, trailers are mostly known for the transportation of containers. The common model of a trailer is denied as a wheeled metal frame for transportation of heavy loads. Port trailers and road trailers are two main types that are widely used in many industries.
Terminal trailer is a highly used type of port trailer. Most of these trailers are designed to transport 50 to 70-ton loads. If they contain only one axle, they can only be used to transport load between 50 - 60 tons.
If the terminal trailer contains two-axle trailers, it can carry a weight that ranges between 65 - 70 tons. Skeletal trailers are a well-known road trailer type. It can be fixed in length or be extended to provide additional versatility to address cargo and container size. The trailers contain twist-locks that improve their security.
An eco-friendly and economical mode of transportation on the one hand and an exercise machine for improving health and fitness or for the sheer joy of riding on the other, bicycles are popular among people from all walks of life and everywhere in the world. Sri Lanka has been manufacturing and supplying all types of non-motorised bicycles including mountain bikes, BMX bikes, road bikes, kids’ bikes, folding bikes and e-bikes (which is, incidentally, the latest arrival on the scene) and bicycle spare parts that meet the rigorous international quality and safety standards.
Keeping pace with the global developments and trends in the non-motorised bicycle industry, Sri Lankan bicycle manufacturers and exporters continue to supply bicycles and bicycle spare parts, made in Sri Lanka to premium international brands. The growing concerns among the global population about the protection of the environment and maintaining health and fitness through regular exercising buoy the global demand for non-motorised bicycles, which promises even brighter growth prospects for this particular industry segment.
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Sri Lankan light engineering products are manufactured both for consumer use and industrial use. As such, the variety of exports are quite high and can fulfil a wide range of requirements.
Structures of Iron & Aluminum
Standard Wire of Aluminum, Copper & Iron
Nails, Screws, Bolts & Nuts of Metal
Refined Copper & Lead Alloys
Tools, Implements, Cutlery & Parts
Other Light Engineering Products