Designated as one of the global biodiversity hotspots of the world, Sri Lanka has some of the most biologically diverse ecosystems in the world because of its climate heterogeneity, coastal influence, and varied topography. Given that, it is home to a wealth of life forms including animals and plants necessary to maintain and preserve the ecological and genetic diversity.
As a country with a rich history of a predominantly agrarian society, cultivating and farming is an integral part of Sri Lanka. The island of Sri Lanka is located near the equator and thereby benefits from tropical climate conditions perfect for farming. Having realized that these climate and soil conditions are ideal for the cultivation of fruits and vegetables, our ancestors cultivated legumes, fruits and vegetables for their daily consumption. Today, as a major exporter of tropical fruit and vegetable varieties, Sri Lanka has marked its presence in global markets, serving exotic varieties to consumers worldwide.
Sri Lanka is home to 111 species of aquarium fish (which are also known as ornamental fish) living in freshwater and marine habitats; thus, Sri Lanka holds a reputation as a supplier of high-quality fish to the international market and has had a steady expansion of its trade spanning more than 125 countries. The ornamental fish exports consist of 70% of freshwater ornamentals and 30% of marine ornamentals.
A major buzzword revered by healthy-eating enthusiasts, superfoods refer to food packed with exceptional levels of nutrients that contribute to overall health and wellbeing. Superfoods most commonly used in western recipes include kale, blueberries, flax seeds, pistachios, hazelnuts etc that are not locally found in Sri Lanka. Yet, this in no way means that Sri Lanka doesn’t have superfoods.
Nanotechnology represents a decisive sector of the science of tomorrow. Expected to have steady and rapid growth, nanotechnology is synonymous with ground-baking innovations and cutting-edge developments in many fields. Scientists and researchers harness nanotechnology and incorporate it into various other fields such as medicine, agriculture, automobiles etc. In Sri Lanka, nanotechnology is still a relatively novel area, yet, this does not mean that we have been idle on the nanotechnology front.
A cold drink enjoying rising popularity, iced tea doubles as a fancy drink served in a tall glass and a packaged drink that you can grab on the go. It is not uncommon to find a shelf packed with bottled iced tea since it is presented as a soft drink today, owing to its popularity among all age groups. The speciality of iced tea is that it is an alternative to carbonated drinks and is considered to be a low-calorie healthy drink, perhaps the major reason behind its rapidly growing market.
The world population is estimated to be 9 billion by 2050. The main concern arising with this rapidly escalating population is meeting the food requirements of the future. And this is where aquaculture comes in. More and more countries are leaning towards aquaculture – the practice of farming fisheries products as a solution to the food dilemma that seems to be inevitable. The global aquaculture market was valued at USD 285,359.7 million in 2019 and it is expected to grow at a steady pace in the coming decade.
The line that separates technology from our lives disappeared long ago. With ground-breaking advancements in science and ICT fields, technology has become an inescapable aspect in our lives, one that we embrace wholeheartedly as it not only makes everything easier but also adds a splash of style into our digitized modern lives. Wearable technology, in particular, has emerged as an icon of chic luxury that blends technology and style.
The apparel industry is a dynamic contributor to the Sri Lankan economy. The quality of material has helped these garments to rise the ladder in the export markets. It has not always been this way for the sector since it had to start from a small beginning nearly three decades back.
Blessed with murmuring ocean waves and rich marine life, Sri Lanka is a dream-come-true for seafood lovers. Ethically harvested by a fleet of 4500 fishing boats operating on the blue waters surrounding the exotic island, Sri Lankan seafood production uses traditional craftsmanship in conjunction with state-of-the-art modern technology.
Rubber and rubber-based products have long been among the best-known exports from Sri Lanka. Rubber (Hevea brasiliensis) cultivation started in Sri Lanka in 1876 while Sri Lanka, then called Ceylon, was under British hegemony. Natural rubber is composed of long isoprene polymer chains, loosely connected.
Sri Lanka, a tropical island in the Indian Ocean, is endowed with some of nature's most prized blessings. Even if an area of 65,610 square kilometres makes a relatively small country, owing to Sri Lanka's varied climate and topographical conditions, the country boasts a high level of biodiversity. Plants have been used for treating illnesses over a millennium by four systems of traditional medicine in Sri Lanka called Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani, and Deshiya chikitsa.
The healing power of herbs is often appreciated. With time, many cultures have developed around their values. Traditional healing practises such as Ayurveda medicine involve the use of herbs in various ways. Herbal tea or infusions are one such beverage that is widely known across the world.
An oleoresin is a viscous liquid and a semi-solid material that is produced using the fine ground powder of its source. Black pepper oleoresin is the natural extract of the dried tender berries of Piper nigrum, commonly known as Black Pepper. It is a yellowish-brown liquid with a pungent biting aroma of its spice. It is also the most consumed spice oleoresin in the world, representing 50% of the global spice oleoresin production.
Kithul jaggery and Kithul treacle or syrup (locally known as KithulPani) are two of the prized food products in Sri Lanka sourced from the fishtail palm also called ‘jaggery palm’. Fishtail palm (Caryota urens), a species of flowering plant in the palm family, is a tree native to Sri Lanka, India, Myanmar, and Malaysia (perhaps in other areas of the Indo-Malayan region).
They grow in fields and rainforest clearings. It’s known in English by several names such as solitary fishtail palm, Kithulpalm, toddy palm, wine palm, sago palm in addition to jaggery palm.
Sri Lanka is a nation blessed with a range of nature’s priceless gifts. If we take stock of our blessings, we must count on tropical climes with sunlight throughout the year, good rainfall, fecund soils, wildlife, waterfalls, high biodiversity, gemstones, magnificent coastal belt, great seafood, a rainforest cover, and minerals among others.
Since the very first tea plant was planted at the Royal Botanical Gardens, Peradeniya, the Sri Lankan Tea industry has come a long way for almost two centuries. Once it went commercial, Ceylon Tea was soon renowned as the world’s finest tea based on its unique taste, and quality ingredients.
Loved by tea enthusiasts all over the world, Ceylon Tea meets the rising demands of the global tea market in various flavours and varieties. Ceylon Tea is also marked as the cleanest tea in the world since the product does not contain any artificial additives or harmful pesticides.
Most developing nations around the world harness the potential of the country’s native creative industries in gaining economic development and empowering craftsman communities. Mostly involving traditional handcrafted products, unique to each country and region, many countries in Asia, Europe, Africa and South America have invested widely and heavily on their unique handcrafted products, that combine traditional knowledge, native skills and a wealth of indigenous resources.
The sector of agriculture that deals with the art, science, technology and the business of growing plants, is known as Horticulture. It differs from the alternative plant sciences and other studies of plants. Instead, it involves the incorporation of science and aesthetics. Cultivations that follow horticulture include fruit, vegetables, herbs, nuts, seeds, flowers, mushrooms, among others.